HIV- AIDS Counselling

HIV counselling has been proved effective in various ways. The counselling process includes evaluating the personal risk of HIV transmission, and discussing how to prevent infection. It concentrates specifically on emotional and social issues related to possible or actual infection with HIV and to AIDS. With the consent of the client, counselling can be extended to spouses, sex partners and relatives (family-level counselling, based on the concept of shared confidentiality). HIV counselling has as its objectives both prevention and care. There is a reluctance among service managers to give counselling its proper due as a discipline in which trained practitioners can produce measurable, useful results.

HIV prevention counseling is a very important mode of behavioral intervention especially in the absence of an effective vaccine or a curative treatment. It consists of dealing with a variety of issues such as medical, psychological and social. Client-centered counseling changed the focus of counseling from a sole educative one to one focusing on client's needs and circumstances. The word ‘client-centered’ meant that counseling should be tailored to needs, circumstances and behaviors of a specific client which entailed active listening, to provide assistance and determining client's specific prevention needs. Prevention counseling primarily consists of risk reduction counseling, pretestcounseling and post-test counseling.